Dating site academicism
There were several debates, such as: The Italian Renaissance embraced two important factions: the Florentine Renaissance faction that championed "disegno" (design); and the Venetian Renaissance faction that preferred "colorito" (colour).The difference between these two factions can be summarized as follows: To a Florentine, a painting consisted of shape/design plus colour: in other words colour was a quality to be added to design.Such rationality was exemplified by a work's subject-matter, its use of classical or religious allegory, and/or by its references to classical, historical or allegorical subjects.Careful planning - through preliminary sketching or use of wax models - was also valued.
It considered fine art to be an intellectual discipline, involving a high degree of reason, thus the "rationality" of a painting was all-important.
As a result, by the 19th century it was increasingly ignored and sidelined, as modern artists such as Gustave Courbet, Claude Monet, Vincent Van Gogh, and Pablo Picasso revolutionized the theory and practice of art.
From the sixteenth century onwards, a number of specialized art schools sprang up across Europe, beginning in Italy.
Origins Characteristics History and Development How the Academies Controlled Art Education and Exhibitions How Academic Art Was Taught Salon Exhibitions Decline of the Salon Academic Art in the Late 19th-Century European Academies of Fine Art Academic Art in the 20th-Century: Largely Irrelevant Academic Art in the 21st-Century: Old Values v Computer Software In fine art, the term "Academic art" (sometimes also "academicism" or "eclecticism") is traditionally used to describe the style of true-to-life but highminded realist painting and sculpture championed by the European academies of art, notably the French Academy of Fine Arts.
This "official" or "approved" style of art, which later came to be closely associated with Neoclassical painting and to a lesser extent the Symbolism movement, was embodied in a number of painterly and sculptural conventions to be followed by all artists.